Welcome to a journey through the historical tapestry of Richmond, Virginia, a city steeped in a wealth of heritage sites and landmarks. Richmond’s vibrant history unfolds through a remarkable array of architectural wonders and cultural treasures.
Among the iconic sites, the Virginia State Capitol stands as a symbol of American democracy, while the Virginia Washington Monument commemorates the country’s first president. The Old City Hall and the Egyptian Building showcase stunning architectural prowess, reflecting the city’s rich past.
Delve into the literary legacy at the Edgar Allan Poe Museum or explore the storied grounds of the Hollywood Cemetery. Visit the grandeur of the Executive Mansion and the historical significance of the White House of the Confederacy. Discover the elegant Wickham House or immerse yourself in the vibrant arts scene at the Altria Theater.
Join us as we uncover the mosaic of Richmond’s historic sites, from the solemn grounds of the Hebrew Cemetery to the opulence of Maymont Mansion, weaving together the fabric of this city’s captivating heritage.
We also have an article highlighting the finest history and art museums to explore in Richmond, showcasing the city’s rich cultural heritage. Additionally, discover our detailed guide on the historical churches that stand as architectural and spiritual marvels within this vibrant city.
The Virginia State Capitol
The Virginia State Capitol stands as the heart of the Commonwealth of Virginia’s governance in Richmond, housing the oldest elected legislative body in North America, the Virginia General Assembly. Originating in 1619 as the House of Burgesses, it serves as a historic landmark embodying centuries of legislative heritage.
Designed by Thomas Jefferson and Charles-Louis Clérisseau, the Capitol’s construction began in 1785, following the architectural inspiration of the Maison Carrée in France.
Completed in 1788, it’s the eighth Capitol serving Virginia due to Colonial fires. The addition of two wings in the early 20th century reshaped its current form, earning its National Historic Landmark status in 1960.
Virginia’s colonial history saw various capitols, including Jamestown and Williamsburg. Jamestown hosted the House of Burgesses in 1619, followed by several state houses due to fires.
Williamsburg became the capital in 1699, witnessing the completion of a grand Capitol in 1705, later destroyed and replaced in 1753. The move to Richmond at the onset of the American Revolutionary War led to the Capitol’s relocation.
Jefferson’s design for the new Capitol in Richmond drew inspiration from ancient Roman architecture. Modeled after the Maison Carrée, its cornerstone was laid in 1785, and the completed building hosted the General Assembly by 1792. Unique for its lack of an external dome, the Capitol remains among only twelve in the United States without one.
The Capitol bore witness to significant events during the American Civil War, serving as the Confederate Capitol. It was spared during the city’s burning, and U.S. President Abraham Lincoln toured it before his assassination.
Over the years, it underwent renovations and expansions, most notably in 2007, enhancing its functionality while preserving its historic significance.
The Virginia Washington Monument
The Virginia Washington Monument, a 19th-century neoclassical statue of George Washington, graces a public square in Richmond.
Crafted by Thomas Crawford and completed posthumously by Randolph Rogers, it stands as the terminus for Grace Street, its cornerstone laid in 1850 and unveiled in 1869, becoming the second equestrian statue of Washington in the U.S.
The monument boasts an impressive 21-foot bronze statue of Washington astride a horse, weighing 18,000 pounds. Post the Civil War, additions honored six other Virginians pivotal in the American Revolution: Jefferson, Henry, Lewis, Marshall, Mason, and Nelson Jr. Below, allegorical figures in bronze symbolize relevant themes and events.
Beyond its symbolic representation, the monument holds historical significance. In 1862, it served as the backdrop for the Confederate President and Vice President’s inauguration. Jefferson Davis and Alexander H. Stephens took oaths of office, woven with elements from the statue into the Seal of the Confederate States.
Evolving from a testament to Washington’s legacy to a pivotal site in Confederate history, the Virginia Washington Monument remains a cultural and historical emblem within Richmond’s landscape.
The Old City Hall
The Old City Hall, once known simply as City Hall, stands as a historic monument in Richmond. Crafted by architect Elijah E. Myers, this Gothic Revival masterpiece served as the city’s seat of governance from its completion in 1894 until the 1970s.
Nestled within downtown Richmond, the building occupies its own block, an architectural marvel bounded by 10th and 11th Streets to the west and east, and Capitol Street and East Broad Street to the south.
The structure earned the distinction of being a National Historic Landmark owing to its architectural prowess. The building’s exterior exhibits a symmetrical design, albeit highlighted by a 195-foot clock tower that imparts an illusion of asymmetry to the principal facade.
Composed mainly of gray granite sourced locally from quarries along the James River near Petersburg, the building’s interiors pivot around a spacious atrium adorned with skylights.
Four levels of cloister-like arcades envelop this central space, interconnected by a grand staircase. Once housing city offices and courts, the interior boasts intricate ironwork by Asa Snyder and meticulous stone craftsmanship executed under subcontractor James Netherwood’s guidance.
The Old City Hall’s history is intertwined with the demolition of three preceding notable structures on its site, including the original City Hall designed by Robert Mills and Maximilian Godefroy in 1818.
Construction began in 1886 but faced cost overruns, soaring from a projected $300,000 to over a million dollars due to the elaborate design elements. Despite threats of demolition in the 20th century, the building was ultimately restored in the early 1980s and now accommodates offices within its historic walls.
Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1969 and designated a U.S. National Historic Landmark in 1971, the Old City Hall proudly stands as a testament to Richmond’s architectural legacy.
The “Almshouse,” now known as the City Home, stands as a historic complex in Richmond, Virginia, comprising the Main Building, West Building, Administration Building, and Garage.
The Main Almshouse, erected in 1860–61, exudes Italianate style, featuring three-story pavilions connected by hyphens. Its counterpart, the West Building, built in 1908, mirrors the earlier design with two-story pavilions.
Initially serving as a Confederate hospital dubbed “General Hospital No. 1” during 1861-1864, it treated casualties from significant battles and briefly housed Union soldiers. Afterward, it sheltered the Virginia Military Institute following Union forces’ occupation.
This site’s legacy persisted, witnessing transitions from “Colored Almshouse” to “Richmond Nursing Home,” supporting the less privileged until the late 1970s.
The complex’s historical importance extends beyond healthcare, with the former “Poor-house” and “Work House” coexisting in its original location until the new Almshouse’s completion in 1806. Its intricate past also saw temporary operations during construction and the Civil War, maintaining support for the destitute.
Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1981, with a boundary expansion in 1990, the Almshouse’s transformation reflects Richmond’s evolving social welfare and healthcare landscape. Today, it serves as a haven for low-income residents, embodying a blend of historical significance and contemporary purpose.
The Virginia House
Virginia House, a stately manor perched atop a hill in Richmond’s Windsor Farms, is a testament to architectural history and transatlantic storytelling. Erected just before the 1929 stock market crash, this Tudor-style house integrates remnants of England’s Priory House in its design, embodying a blend of English manorial heritage and modern amenities.
Alexander and Virginia Weddell, its builders, salvaged materials from various English estates, infusing the house with antique elegance. Today, as part of the Virginia Historical Society, it stands as a time capsule from the Weddells’ era, still reminiscent of the 1940s.
The reconstruction process involved a significant journey, from the acquisition of the Warwick Priory facade to the controversial relocation to Richmond.
The house’s intricate reconstruction involved architects and inspirations from diverse English manors. It boasts a blend of styles, from the original Warwickshire Priory to Sulgrave Manor, the ancestral home of George Washington’s family.
Its interiors are adorned with oak furnishings, oriental carpets, and Spanish antiques, narrating tales of opulence and sophistication.
The garden, designed by landscape architect Charles Gillette, sprawls across 8 acres, showcasing a vibrant assortment of nearly 1,000 ornamental plant species. Virginia House’s gardens are a celebrated feature, attracting visitors during spring tours.
Edgar Allan Poe Museum
The Poe Museum, situated in Richmond’s Shockoe Bottom, pays homage to Edgar Allan Poe’s time in the city. While Poe didn’t reside in the building, it houses an extensive collection of his manuscripts, letters, first editions, and personal belongings.
Beyond celebrating Poe’s life and career, the museum offers insights into early 19th-century Richmond, showcasing the environment that influenced Poe’s works.
Housed within the “Old Stone House,” dating back to 1740, the museum has ties to Jacob Ege, the original owner, and briefly featured a young Poe guarding Lafayette’s visit.
The museum’s history traces back to 1909 when a group campaigned for recognition of Poe, leading to the foundation of the Poe Museum in 1911. This site stands near Poe’s former homes and workplace, the Southern Literary Messenger, and his mother’s grave at St. John’s Church.
The museum’s exhibits span three buildings. The Old Stone House parlor displays furniture from Poe’s sister and his childhood bed, while the Elizabeth Arnold Poe Memorial Building houses early editions of his works and rare daguerreotypes.
The North Building delves into the mystery of Poe’s death, showcasing his personal items and positing theories, including the possibility of “Cooping” as a contributing factor.
The museum’s Enchanted Garden, inspired by Poe’s poetry, hosts a shrine, a fountain, and spaces named after his literary works. This unique space even serves as a venue for weddings, rounding out the museum’s appeal as a cultural and historical landmark dedicated to one of America’s most celebrated writers.
Oliver Hill Building
The Virginia State Library-Oliver Hill Building, also called the State Finance Building, stands as a historic library and government office on Capitol Square in Richmond.
Erected in 1892–1894 and expanded over time, this Beaux Arts style edifice with an Ionic order portico echoes the Virginia State Capitol’s grandeur. Initially home to the State Library collections, the Virginia Supreme Court, and the Attorney General’s office, it also housed the State Museum of Natural History from 1910 to 1964.
Renovations in 1929 and a substantial overhaul in 2004 transformed its functions and structure. After the State Library and Supreme Court moved to the Patrick Henry Building, it was renamed the State Finance Building in 1939. Later, on October 28, 2005, it was officially dubbed the Oliver Hill Building, honoring the eminent civil rights attorney.
Today, the Oliver Hill Building hosts offices for the Lieutenant Governor of Virginia and the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Its listing on the National Register of Historic Places in 2008 acknowledges its significance in Virginia’s architectural and governmental history.
Renamed in 2007 to honor Oliver W. Hill, Sr., this building commemorates the legacy of a celebrated civil rights figure. Hill’s groundbreaking work in dismantling racial barriers, including his pivotal role in the Brown v. Board of Education case, has left an indelible mark on American history.
The Blues Armory
The Blues Armory, an imposing brick structure in downtown Richmond, has been a pivotal site since its completion in 1910.
Initially serving varied functions, it housed a food market on the ground floor and served as a drill hall for the National Guard on the top floor, while intermediate levels accommodated National Guard company offices. Its composite steel-reinforced build, designed by Averill and Hall, stands as a testament to its robustness.
Designed with a castle-like facade, the structure’s aesthetics also held practical importance. Its castellated design wasn’t merely ornamental but aimed to withstand potential riots or attacks, with a clear division between the civilian ground floor and the military upper floors.
The armory’s architectural features include projecting turrets, a machicolated upper level, and an overhanging roof, enhancing its defensive appearance.
Home to the Richmond Light Infantry Blues since 1789, the armory bore witness to historical events, including their involvement in suppressing Gabriel’s Rebellion in 1800 and serving in the Army of Northern Virginia during the Civil War. However, a reorganization of the National Guard in 1968 disbanded the Blues, leading the armory to gradually fall into disuse.
Listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1976, the Blues Armory’s lower levels found new life in the Sixth Street Market development in the 1990s, while the upper floors gradually closed their doors by 2002, marking a shift in its storied history from military stronghold to commercial space.
The Broad Street Station
Broad Street Station, originally known as Union Station, stood as a prominent union railroad station in Richmond, situated opposite the Fan district. This architectural gem, now housing the Science Museum of Virginia, holds a rich historical narrative within its neoclassical walls.
Constructed in 1917 by architect John Russell Pope, the station served as the southern terminus for the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad (RF&P).
Over time, it became a hub for various railroad companies like the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad (ACL), Norfolk and Western Railway (N&W), and eventually the Seaboard Air Line Railroad (SAL), which shifted from Main Street Station to Broad Street Station.
The station witnessed the inaugural days of Amtrak in 1971, hosting notable train services like the Champion, Silver Meteor, and Silver Star, among others. Despite its historical significance, passenger services ceased in 1975 as Amtrak centralized Richmond’s services to a suburban Staples Mill Road station.
Broad Street Station, however, found a new purpose when, by 1976, the Science Museum of Virginia took over the extensively renovated and expanded premises.
Listed on the National Register of Historic Places since February 23, 1972, Broad Street Station’s evolution from a bustling rail terminal to an emblematic science museum mirrors the changing landscapes of transportation and civic spaces in Richmond.
The Commonwealth Club
The Commonwealth Club, situated in Richmond, Virginia, boasts an iconic clubhouse completed in 1891. Nestled at 401 West Franklin Street, it’s a cornerstone of the Commonwealth Club Historic District, renowned for its architectural splendor.
This structure embodies Richmond’s New South movement, representing a pinnacle of the city’s architectural excellence. Notably, it annually hosts the Richmond German Christmas Dance, Virginia’s oldest debutante ball.
In its architectural pursuit, the Commonwealth Club sought inspiration beyond local firms. Opting for a national architectural movement, the club envisioned reflecting both contemporary fashion and Richmond’s southern identity. Carrère and Hastings, a New York City-based firm, emerged as the chosen architects from a selection of four.
The club stands distinguished amidst Richmond’s landscape. Marked by deep red brick, brownstone trim, and terra cotta cartouches, it melds Colonial revival and Richardsonian Romanesque styles. This fusion echoes a reverence for heritage while showcasing the city’s ability to adopt a nationally fashionable architectural language.
The Virginia Department of Historic Resources classifies it as Italian Renaissance Revival, further underlining its unique blend of styles.
The Egyptian Building
The Egyptian Building, a distinguished structure in Richmond, was finalized in 1845 as the first permanent home for the Medical Department of Hampden-Sydney College, later named the Medical College of Virginia (MCV) and now part of Virginia Commonwealth University. Revered as a prime example of Egyptian Revival architecture, it’s lauded by architectural scholars as one of the nation’s finest.
Commissioned for medical education, its funding was secured through a $25,000 loan from the Commonwealth and a $2,000 contribution from Richmond.
The building’s design, crafted by Philadelphia architect Thomas Somerville Stewart, embraced the Egyptian Revival style. The choice symbolized medicine’s historical roots traced back to Imhotep, an ancient Egyptian physician.
Originally known as the College Building, later as the Old College Building, it stands as the South’s oldest medical college edifice, evident in its reminiscent Egyptian temple-like walls. This building housed various educational facilities, including lecture halls, a dissecting room, an infirmary, and hospital beds for medical cases, until the 1890s.
Restored in 1939 by Baskervill and Son, it honored Dr. Simon Baruch, an MCV alumnus. The restoration revitalized the Egyptian style within the building, maintaining its architectural significance. Over its 150-year history, it remained a cornerstone in medical education, embraced by all schools within the MCV Campus.
The Egyptian Building continues to serve diverse purposes within VCU. Its historical significance is revered during Founders’ Day events and imprinted on the university seal, embodying the institution’s ethos and heritage.
Its architectural grandeur, constructed from brick, stucco, and cast iron, resonates in its distinctive features, including a distyle in antis portico, monumental columns, and obelisks.
The winged sun disk, symbolic lotus flower designs, and hieroglyphs woven into the interior echo ancient Egyptian mythology, reflecting the building’s unique historical and cultural significance.
The White House of the Confederacy
The White House of the Confederacy, nestled in Richmond’s Court End neighborhood, holds a significant place in American history.
Constructed in 1818, it became the executive residence of Confederate President Jefferson Davis from 1861 to 1865, often considered the counterpart to Washington, D.C.’s White House. Today, it resides within Virginia Commonwealth University’s campus.
Initially owned by the Confederate Memorial Literary Society from 1894, it merged with the American Civil War Center in 2014, forming the American Civil War Museum. Designated a National Historic Landmark in 1960, it showcases a rich tapestry of the nation’s past.
This neoclassical mansion, built by John Brockenbrough and designed by Robert Mills, witnessed various owners, including U.S. Congressman James Seddon. Lewis Dabney Crenshaw expanded the house, later becoming the Confederate Executive Mansion.
During Davis’ tenure, the White House of the Confederacy hosted a young Davis family, witnessing births and tragedy within its walls. The evacuation of Richmond in 1865 marked its abandonment, visited briefly by President Abraham Lincoln.
Post-war, it served as a military headquarters and later a school. The Confederate Memorial Literary Society’s efforts saved it from demolition in 1890, leading to its transformation into the Confederate Museum. Its restoration from 1976 to 1988 returned its wartime appearance, offering visitors an immersive experience into its historical significance.
Today, as part of the American Civil War Museum, it stands as a testament to Richmond’s past and welcomes visitors to explore its storied halls.
The Maymont Mansion
Maymont, a 100-acre Victorian estate in Richmond houses the Maymont Mansion, gardens, a carriage collection, and wildlife exhibits.
Built in 1893 by James H. Dooley, a prominent Richmond lawyer, and his wife Sallie, the mansion and estate were bequeathed to the city after their deaths. Over the years, additional attractions have been added, making Maymont a cherished public space.
The mansion’s construction completed in 1893, named after Sallie May Dooley. The Dooleys also built Swannanoa, a summer home on Afton Mountain, completed in 1913.
The estate features various gardens, including the renowned Japanese Garden, exhibiting a blend of styles and a serene ambiance. This garden, meticulously designed with a koi pond, a waterfall, and a torii arch, underwent renovations in 1978 to restore its former magnificence.
The Italian Garden, modeled after 15th and 16th-century Italian classical style, is adorned with fountains, urns, and roses. Facing the south, it overlooks the James River, showcasing intricate designs akin to the Villa Torlonia near Rome.
Maymont’s arboretum boasts over 200 tree species, carefully chosen for beauty and scientific study. With exotic and native flora like Cedrus atlantica and Parrotia persica, the arboretum is a testament to the Dooleys’ sophisticated taste.
The estate houses a variety of fauna, including farm animals, native wildlife, and a nature center featuring aquatic creatures native to Virginia. Visitors can see bald eagles, black bears, and white-tailed deer, while the park is teeming with Canada geese, snapping turtles, and American bullfrogs in the wild.
The Fairmount School
The Fairmount School, now the Fairmount House, stands as a testament to Richmond’s educational history. Erected around 1895, this Gothic Revival-style brick building boasts two slate-covered towers and a high basement. In 1908–1909, an additional two-story section designed by Albert F. Huntt expanded its facilities.
Designated a National Historic Place in 2005, the school shares architectural similarities with Randolph School, another surviving Richmond landmark. Renamed the Helen Dickinson School in 1925 to honor a former principal, it later reverted to Fairmount in 1958, serving African-American students from various neighborhoods.
Following its closure in 1979, the City of Richmond sold the building in 1981. Restored by Churchill-Fairmount Limited Partnership, it found new life as a residence for elderly and handicapped individuals. This transformation marked a shift from its educational legacy to a space catering to community living needs.
The transitions from a school serving different communities to its current role as Fairmount House illustrate the adaptive reuse of historical structures, preserving their significance while meeting evolving community needs. This building remains a historical cornerstone, blending its past as a school with its present as a residential space for the city’s residents.
The John Marshall House
The John Marshall House, a National Historic Landmark in Richmond, Virginia, served as the residence of Chief Justice John Marshall, a Founding Father renowned for his monumental judicial decisions. Built in 1790, it was home to Marshall, his wife Mary Willis Ambler Marshall, and their six children until his passing in 1835.
This Federal-style brick structure comprised a dining room, parlor, and bedchambers across two floors. It once occupied a full city block in Richmond’s esteemed Court End neighborhood, with neighboring luminaries like John Wickham, Aaron Burr’s defense attorney.
Marshall purchased the property in 1786 and completed house payments in 1786. Initially, the Marshalls resided in a small wooden house on-site before the main house’s completion between 1788 and 1791. The property’s worth, including various outbuildings, was valued at $5500 in 1796.
The house boasts unpretentious architecture, featuring hand-carved woodwork, ornamental mantles, dadoes, and a charming yet haphazard room arrangement. Despite the house’s near-demolition for a high school project in 1907, concerted efforts by women’s organizations ensured its preservation.
Declared a National Historic Landmark in 1960, the house underwent significant restoration, including roof replacement and color restoration. Now operated by Preservation Virginia as a historic house museum since 1911, the John Marshall House offers seasonal and appointment-based tours.
Elliott Grays Marker-Jefferson Davis Highway
The Elliott Grays Marker-Jefferson Davis Highway stands as a historic milestone along U.S. Route 1, known as the Jefferson Davis Highway in Richmond, Virginia.
Erected in 1929 by the United Daughters of the Confederacy, this marker is one of 16 placed in Virginia along the highway between 1927 and 1947. Crafted from an inscribed granite slab, it bears the engraved text detailing its historical significance.
Measuring 47 inches tall, 25 inches wide, and 12 inches thick, the marker boasts smooth flat faces and rough-cut edges. Its inscription commemorates Battery 17, a site within Richmond’s inner defenses during 1862-65. It also serves as a memorial to Confederate soldiers, an enduring testament to the region’s historical significance.
Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006, this marker has garnered attention, earning the nickname “Highway Marker to a Dead Confederate Tree” by Roadside America.
The inscription references a tree from the Civil War era, yet the tree itself succumbed to the passage of time long ago, while the marker continues to stand, preserving the memory of its historical context.
The Agecroft Hall
Agecroft Hall, an emblematic Tudor manor, relocated from Lancashire, England, to Richmond, Virginia, stands regally at 4305 Sulgrave Road within Windsor Farms.
Originating in the late 15th century, the house, deteriorating by the 20th century, was purchased by Thomas C. Williams Jr., an affluent entrepreneur from Richmond.
Seeking to recreate an authentic English manor on his James River estate during the Country Place Era, Williams supervised the intricate dismantling, shipping, and reconstruction of Agecroft in the Windsor Farms neighborhood.
Architect Henry G. Morse, commissioned for the project, strived not for an exact replica but a comfortable English mansion. This endeavor, costing $250,000 over two years, led to Agecroft’s completion in 1928. Upon Williams’ demise, he designated the house to become a museum post his widow’s tenure.
Originally part of the Prestwich family’s estate from 1292, the Langleys subsequently inhabited Agecroft until the male line ceased in 1561. The Langleys, renowned for their alliances and influence, played pivotal roles in English history. Over time, the estate shifted hands through marriages, eventually declining amidst industrialization.
Resurrected on the James River, Agecroft’s grounds, envisioned by Charles Gillette, evoke English gardens with Elizabethan influences. Legend attributes the Babes in the Wood folklore to an alleged escape from Agecroft during the 14th century, intertwining myth with its storied past.
The Hebrew Cemetery
The Hebrew Cemetery, also known as the Hebrew Burying Ground, carries a rich legacy in Richmond, Virginia, tracing its origins back to 1816.
Established as a successor to the Franklin Street Burial Grounds of 1789, this Jewish cemetery stands among the oldest in the United States. Among its notable interments lies Josephine Cohen Joel, renowned as the founder of the Richmond Art Co in the early 20th century.
Located at Fourth and Hospital Streets atop historic Shockoe Hill, the cemetery holds a significant place in history, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.
Its distinction was further underscored by a second listing in 2022 as part of the Shockoe Hill Burying Ground Historic District, emphasizing its enduring importance in preserving Richmond’s heritage.
Maintained by Congregation Beth Ahabah, founded in Richmond in 1789, the Hebrew Cemetery serves as a poignant reminder of the community’s history and contributions. Within its grounds lies a section dedicated to Hebrew Confederate Soldiers, honoring 30 Jewish soldiers who perished in or near Richmond during the Civil War, making it one of only two Jewish military cemeteries outside of Israel.
This sacred plot, overseen by Congregation Beth Ahabah, stands as a testament to the intertwined narratives of faith and history within the cemetery’s hallowed grounds.
The Executive Mansion
The Virginia Governor’s Mansion, or the Executive Mansion, situated on Capitol Square in Richmond, serves as the official residence for Virginia’s governors since 1813.
Designed by Alexander Parris, it stands as the oldest continuously inhabited governor’s residence in the U.S. Recognized as a Virginia and National Historic Landmark, the mansion underwent several renovations and expansions in the 20th century.
The Court End neighborhood, north of Capitol Square, also houses the White House of the Confederacy, while the Virginia State Capitol hosted Confederate offices during the Civil War. Tours of the mansion are available multiple days a week.
Initially, when Richmond became Virginia’s capital in 1779, the state lacked a governor’s residence, leading Thomas Jefferson to rent one. A residence was later constructed on the mansion’s present site following a law signed by James Monroe in 1811, completed by 1813.
Notably, James Barbour was the first governor to inhabit the mansion after George William Smith’s unfortunate death in the Richmond Theatre fire in 1811.
Over time, the mansion saw extensive changes, including garden redesigns in the 1950s by landscape architect Charles Gillette. Renovations during Governor James S. Gilmore III’s tenure aimed to restore its historical essence, ensure ADA compliance, and expand living spaces for the First Family.
The mansion’s appearances in the media include hosting American Idol contestant Elliott Yamin and his family, showcasing restoration work on Bob Vila’s Home Again, and Governor Tim Kaine delivering the Democratic response to the 2006 State of the Union address from the mansion’s historic ballroom.
The Hollywood Cemetery
Hollywood Cemetery, nestled within Richmond’s Oregon Hill neighborhood, overlooks the James River, boasting a historic landscape that embraces notable figures and enduring tales.
The President’s Circle holds the graves of two U.S. Presidents, James Monroe and John Tyler, alongside Confederate President Jefferson Davis. This sacred ground is also home to 25 Confederate Army officers and over 18,000 soldiers, honored by the Monument of the Confederate Dead.
The cemetery’s roots trace back to William Byrd III’s estate, which evolved into “Harvie’s Woods,” later destined to become Hollywood Cemetery. Inspired by Mount Auburn Cemetery in Boston, Joshua J. Fry and William H. Haxall spearheaded the idea of a rural cemetery near Richmond, leading to its establishment in 1847.
Designed in the rural garden style by architect John Notman, Hollywood became a serene resting place, adorned with holly trees that lent it the name “Hollywood.”
The President’s Circle features grand monuments, including a Gothic Revival structure honoring James Monroe and a dedicated monument for John Tyler. Jefferson Davis’ burial, due to his Confederate allegiance, was escorted by Davis himself.
The Monument of Confederate War Dead, a 90-foot granite pyramid, honors fallen soldiers and symbolizes the dedication of the Hollywood Ladies Memorial Association.
Adding to its significance, the Palmer Chapel Mausoleum expanded the cemetery’s capacity, offering crypts and cremation niches. Hollywood Cemetery remains a tourist attraction, steeped in local legends, from a girl’s grave guarded by a black iron dog to tales of haunting specters.
Its rich history, gothic charm, and cultural significance, including the annual Confederate Memorial Day commemorations, draw visitors, students, and history enthusiasts to its storied grounds.
Beth Ahabah Museum & Archives
Beth Ahabah, originally Kahal Kadosh Beth Shalome, began in 1789, housing 100 Jews in Richmond’s population of 3,900. Initially, they met in leased spaces before constructing their first modest yet elegant Georgian-style synagogue in 1822.
The community expanded, leading Ashkenazi members to establish Beth Ahabah in 1841. Their synagogue, built in 1846 at Eleventh and Marshall Streets, marked the first Jewish school and steered toward Reform practices by 1867.
They joined the Union of American Hebrew Congregations in 1875. After merging with K.K. Beth Shalome in 1898, they erected a new building at the same location in 1880.
March 4, 1904, witnessed the laying of the cornerstone for the Franklin Street Synagogue, dedicated on December 9, 1904. Designed by Noland and Baskervill, this Neoclassical structure with a dome houses 29 stained glass windows, including a renowned Louis Comfort Tiffany Studios piece depicting Mt. Sinai.
The congregation maintains the Hebrew Cemetery, housing the Cemetery for Hebrew Confederate Soldiers, and the original site of the 1789 Franklin Street Burial Grounds, Virginia’s first Jewish cemetery.
Within the synagogue, the Beth Ahabah Museum & Archives, established in 1977, focuses on Richmond’s Jewish community and Southern Jewish culture through rotating exhibits across three galleries, open Sunday through Thursday.
The Wickham House
The Wickham House, also known as the Wickham-Valentine House, stands as a pinnacle of Federal period architecture, completed in 1812.
This National Historic Landmark, located on East Clay Street in Richmond’s Court End neighborhood, embodies elegance and historical significance. Its exterior, a two-story brick structure, boasts stucco finishing resembling ashlar stone, adorned with a low balustrade.
Designed by Alexander Parris, though sometimes attributed to Robert Mills or Benjamin Latrobe, this residence belonged to John Wickham, a prominent attorney who famously defended Aaron Burr during his treason trial. The interior showcases a splendid elliptical staircase and neoclassical wall paintings depicting ancient Greek, Roman, and Egyptian themes.
The house underwent transformations under subsequent owners like John Ballard, who introduced Victorian-era decor to the parlor. Later, Mann Valentine II acquired it in 1882, filling it with artifacts from Native American earthwork mounds in the Southeast. His vision was to establish a museum for the city, eventually leading to The Valentine, today’s custodian of the Wickham House.
Managed by The Valentine, the house is open for tours, offering a glimpse into Richmond’s history and serving as a testament to architectural finesse from the early 19th century.
The Richmond Main Street Station
The Richmond Main Street Station, often nicknamed The Clock Tower by locals, stands as a significant railroad station and office building in Virginia.
Built in 1901, it serves as an intermodal station housing Amtrak services and Richmond’s city transit bus services by the Greater Richmond Transit Company (GRTC). This historic landmark, nestled in downtown Richmond, also functions as a stop for the GRTC Pulse bus rapid transit line since 2018.
Originally constructed by the Seaboard Air Line Railroad (SAL) and Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O), the ornate Main Street Station flaunts the Second Renaissance Revival style.
While it was a bustling hub for several long-distance passenger trains in the mid and late 20th century, including the Chesapeake and Ohio trains to Louisville, Cincinnati, and Detroit, changes in service routes saw a shift in its prominence.
Designated a National Historic Landmark in 1976, the station suffered hardships, from a flood caused by Hurricane Agnes in 1972 to subsequent fires in 1976 and 1983. Despite these setbacks, the station underwent renovations and reopened in 2003, welcoming Amtrak service again.
The station’s future role expanded when it became a stop for the GRTC Bus Rapid Transit in 2018, marking its integration into the city’s public transit network.
The Jefferson Hotel
The Jefferson Hotel, a luxurious establishment in Richmond, has held court since its grand opening in 1895. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1969, this hotel is steeped in history and opulence. Its Spanish Baroque Style architecture, crafted by renowned architects Carrère and Hastings, lends an air of elegance to its design, which was unveiled to the public on October 31, 1895.
A significant fire in 1901 led to a substantial restoration, reopening its doors in 1907 after meticulous refurbishments and subsequent upgrades.
Its guest list reads like a who’s who of notable figures, hosting thirteen U.S. presidents and a plethora of luminaries such as Henry James, Charles Lindbergh, and even The Rolling Stones and Elvis Presley. The hotel’s lore includes stories of fires that threatened its statuary, notably, a daring rescue of a Thomas Jefferson statue during a blaze in 1901.
The Palm Court, serving as the check-in lobby, showcases nine original stained glass Tiffany windows, while bronze statues of alligators, a nod to the hotel’s once-resident reptiles, now adorn the premises.
The hotel’s restaurant, Lemaire, pays homage to Etienne Lemaire, Thomas Jefferson’s maitre d’hotel, with an alligator-themed motif that harks back to the iconic creatures that once dwelled in the hotel’s marble pools.
Additionally, the hotel’s unique charm attracted attention in the film industry, serving as a filming location for the 1981 movie “My Dinner with Andre.”
The Altria Theater
The Altria Theater, situated at the southwest corner of Monroe Park on the Virginia Commonwealth University campus in Richmond, Virginia, stands as the cornerstone of the Richmond CenterStage’s performing arts complex.
Initially constructed for the Shriners of the Acca Temple Shrine, it was known as The Mosque before evolving into the Landmark Theater.
Under city ownership since 1940, significant alterations repurposed parts of the theater for municipal use. The Richmond Police Department utilized the basement for office spaces, classrooms, and a training facility. Famously recognized as the site for VCU class registrations, the Mosque’s basement held significance beyond its stage performances.
Renamed the Landmark Theater in 1995 after a restoration period, it received an official rechristening as the Altria Theater in 2014, courtesy of a generous $10 million renovation grant. This prestigious venue hosts a multitude of renowned musical and theatrical acts annually.
Designed in the Moorish Revival style by Marcellus E. Wright Sr. in the mid-1920s, the theater boasts intricate ornamental tilework by J.R. Ray and stunning interior decorations by J. Frank Jones.
Since its opening in 1927, the Altria Theater has welcomed illustrious names like Elvis Presley, Jimi Hendrix, and Broadway sensations such as Wicked and The Lion King, enchanting audiences within its grand 3,565-seat capacity space.
The Masonic Temple
The Masonic Temple, an embodiment of Richardsonian Romanesque style, stands as a significant edifice in downtown Richmond. Constructed between 1888 and 1893, this architectural marvel, designed by Jackson C. Gott, earned its place on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.
Renowned for its grandeur and architectural prowess, the temple epitomizes the Richardsonian Romanesque style in Virginia. Noted as one of the most splendid examples of contemporary architecture in the South during its construction, it emerged triumphant among 17 competing designs presented in a design competition.
Throughout its history, the temple hosted esteemed events, including a gathering in 1905 attended by President Theodore Roosevelt. Serving as the Masons’ hub until 1971, its ownership transitioned in 1982 to the Richmond Foundation for the Arts, envisioning its transformation into a regional arts center.
Over time, the temple underwent various roles, transitioning into a catering venue, office spaces, and apartments, adapting its grand halls and ornate chambers to cater to diverse functions beyond its Masonic origins.
The Patteson-Schutte House
The Patteson-Schutte House, nestled along the James River in Richmond, Virginia, likely stands as one of the oldest existing buildings in the city.
Constructed between 1725 and 1750 by James Patteson, overseer of a plantation owned by Benjamin Schutte, the house symbolizes the region’s early architectural heritage. Schutte, a local planter, cultivated over 100 acres, selling produce to nearby stores, while William Byrd III, involved in its sale, resided at Westover Plantation in Charles City County during the home’s construction.
The structure embodies Southern Colonial vernacular architecture with its distinct features—a 1+1⁄2-story Transitional style frame structure, end chimneys slightly askew, and a steeply peaked roof.
Despite not being grandiose, the house reflects the essence of Virginia’s gentry class, meticulously crafted and culturally significant. Originally a Chesterfield County planter’s abode, it remains a rare 18th-century frame structure within Richmond’s city limits.
In 2006, a survey led by Calder Loth, a Senior Architectural Historian at the Virginia Department of Historic Resources, acknowledged its historical significance, highlighting its place among the limited surviving 18th-century frame structures in Richmond, emphasizing its value for preservation.
The William Beers House
The William Beers House, a historic residence in Richmond, Virginia, stands as a testament to Greek Revival architecture.
Built in 1839, this three-story brick dwelling showcases Italianate influences in its bracketed cornice and shallow hipped roof. Notable features include an entrance framed by a porch with paired Greek Doric columns, sidelights, and pilasters.
Initially constructed as a two-and-a-half-story abode, the Beers family expanded it to a full three stories in 1860, a change evident in the brickwork.
Despite alterations, the house maintains its essential architectural integrity, boasting intact interior elements like a well-preserved early staircase. Surrounding the house, an iron-fenced yard enclosed by a brick retaining wall adds to its historical charm.
Though not individually significant, the Beers House plays a vital role in the area’s historic fabric. Situated at the junction of College and Broad streets, it forms a crucial part of a cluster of historical structures in the Medical College of Virginia precinct.
Surrounded by iconic landmarks like Monumental Church, African Baptist Church, and the Egyptian Building, it stands as the last remaining early house along Broad Street west of Shockhoe Valley, contributing to the area’s historical richness and continuity.