St. Joseph, Missouri, is a city steeped in history, with a rich tapestry of stories and landmarks that have woven its past.
From the impressive Buchanan County Courthouse to the Wyeth-Tootle Mansion, the city’s historic buildings and sites offer a glimpse into its storied past.
Whether you’re exploring the Patee House Museum, delving into the lore of the Pony Express at its dedicated museum, or admiring the grandeur of the Cathedral of St. Joseph, you’ll find history around every corner.
As you stroll along Robidoux Row or explore the Jesse James Home Museum, the city’s vibrant history comes alive. You can also discover the charm of The Virginia Flats, the legacy of the Central Police Station, and the architectural marvel of The Missouri Theater.
The Robidoux School, the Christian Sachau Saloon, and the St. Joseph Public Library stand as testaments to the city’s cultural heritage.
Throughout the city, you’ll find architectural gems such as the Livestock Exchange Building and historic sites like the Buchanan County Infirmary.
From the Museum Hill Historic District to the Kemper Addition Historic District, each place holds a unique story.
This article will take you on a journey through St. Joseph’s history, uncovering its remarkable historic districts and landmarks that continue to shape the city’s identity.
A brief history of St. Joseph
St. Joseph, Missouri, founded by local fur trader Joseph Robidoux in 1843, holds a prominent place in American frontier history. It served as a crucial supply and launching point for travelers heading into the “Wild West,” standing as the westernmost point accessible by rail until after the Civil War.
The city’s character is embodied in its east-west streets, named after Robidoux’s children and his second wife, Angelique. Known as “St. Joe,” it was a vital “Jumping-Off Point” for mid-1800s pioneers on their way to the Oregon Territory.
A notable chapter in St. Joseph’s history is its association with the Pony Express, operational from April 1860 to October 1861. This rapid mail service included one of the Pony Express’s two endpoints, commemorated today at the Pony Express Museum. The city proudly carries the slogan, “Where the Pony Express started and Jesse James ended.”
Patee House, the city’s main hotel, had its share of transformations, hosting Patee Female College and later St. Joseph Female College until 1880. The notorious outlaw Jesse James, living incognito as “Mr. Howard,” met his end here in 1882, and that house is now a part of the Jesse James Home Museum.
In 1888 St. Joseph became the second U.S. city to introduce electric streetcars. In 1900, St. Joseph boasted a debated population peak of 102,979. The city thrived economically, hosting prominent enterprises such as the Nave & McCord Mercantile Company, the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad, and C.D. Smith & Company, later transitioning into C.D. Smith Healthcare.
St. Joseph also witnessed the challenges and triumphs of desegregation. Bartlett High School served African American students until 1954 when it transformed into Horace Mann Elementary. The city’s African American community leaders played a pivotal role in the establishment of Bartlett Agricultural and Industrial School in Dalton, reflecting the legacies of institutions like Tuskegee Institute and Hampton Institute.
Today, St. Joseph remains a vibrant city, honoring its past while embracing a promising future.
The Buchanan County Courthouse
The Buchanan County Courthouse in St. Joseph, is a magnificent Renaissance Revival-style cruciform plan courthouse, constructed in 1873, and is a symbol of enduring architectural and historical significance.
Nestled on Council Hill, the courthouse features a Neo-Classical dome, Corinthian columns, and an impressive white dome that casts a stately glow over downtown St. Joseph, adding to the city’s charm.
The courthouse’s unique cruciform layout, where hallways extend from a central point, showcases the singular Renaissance-styled architecture in Missouri, second in size and scope to the St. Louis City Courthouse.
Aside from its architectural grandeur, the courthouse is a bustling hub of activity, welcoming daily visitors on guided bus tours. The stunning dome with multi-paneled glass and tin panes and the elegant black stair rail with columns and gold accents captivate those who step inside.
Claudia’s Kitchen in the basement offers home-cooked meals and a rich culinary history, once hosting the Courthouse Café.
The courthouse is not just a place to dine; it brings history to life. One of its courtrooms is famous for hosting the trial of the Ford brothers, Bob and Charlie, for the murder of Jesse James, a case filled with intrigue and a significant reward.
The courthouse also has a reputation for mysterious sounds and ghostly occurrences, adding to its allure. These stories, along with its awe-inspiring architecture, continue to draw guests eager to explore its rich history and perhaps enjoy a meal at Claudia’s Kitchen.
As you pass by downtown St. Joseph, take a moment to admire the Buchanan County Courthouse, a symbol of the city’s growth and progress.
St. Joseph City Hall
The St. Joseph City Hall, a historic gem in St. Joseph, stands as a testament to elegant architecture and enduring history. Designed by the renowned architectural firm Eckel & Aldrich, this magnificent city hall was built from 1926 to 1927, showcasing the Italian Renaissance Revival style.
The three-story building boasts a stately presence with its stone and concrete construction, highlighted by a concrete balustraded loggia on the second level. Engaged columns, graceful arched openings, and a distinctive red tile hipped roof complete the picturesque facade.
In recognition of its historical and architectural significance, St. Joseph City Hall was rightfully listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985.
It continues to serve as a symbol of the city’s rich heritage and as a focal point where civic matters converge in a setting of timeless beauty.
The Wyeth-Tootle Mansion, nestled at the corner of 11th and Charles Streets in St. Joseph, is an exquisite representation of the city’s opulent late 19th-century mansions. Built in 1879 by William and Eliza Wyeth, this grand mansion encompasses an impressive 43 rooms and was crafted to emulate the majestic castles along the Rhine River in Germany.
The Wyeth family resided in this splendid mansion for approximately eight years before selling it to the Tootle family.
The Tootle family called this mansion home until 1947 when it was acquired by William Goetz, the owner of Goetz Brewery, for its transformation into the St. Joseph Museums.
With three floors, a distinctive tower, and over 40 rooms, the Wyeth-Tootle Mansion stands as a testament to the late 19th-century wealth and architectural magnificence of St. Joseph. The interior features breathtaking woodwork, hand-painted ceilings, and imported stained glass.
The first floor has been meticulously restored to its Victorian grandeur, and old photographs of each room allow visitors to envision the mansion’s interior as it appeared around 1900.
Every room boasts unique and impressive details, from cherub-adorned ceilings in the Louis XVI parlor to rich, dark colors in the Moorish room. The ornate parquet floors and walnut woodwork vary from room to room, showcasing the mansion’s rich history.
The Patee House Museum
The Patee House, also known as the Patee House Museum, is a historical gem in St. Joseph. Completed in 1858, this 140-room luxury hotel located at 12th Street and Penn is celebrated as one of the finest establishments west of the Mississippi River.
Commissioned by John Patée, it played a pivotal role in his visionary Patee Town development, strategically situated near the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad station.
This grand building held more than just a reputation for opulence; it also served as the headquarters and eastern terminus of the legendary Pony Express, which commenced its operations in 1860, offering rapid overland mail service to the West Coast.
During the American Civil War, the Patee House took on a significant role, housing the Union Army Provost Marshal’s office. Continuing its evolution, the building became a center of education, with the Patee Female College operating from 1865 to 1868.
The Patee House welcomed a diverse array of guests, including Jesse James’ family and Oscar Wilde, the renowned writer and lecturer.
Since 1963, the Patee House has been operating as a museum with a focus on U.S. history, particularly in the realm of transportation. Visitors can marvel at an 1892 Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad steam locomotive and a 1877 railroad depot.
The museum’s significance has been nationally recognized, earning the distinction of being one of America’s Top Ten Western Museums by True West Magazine in 2008. It was also featured in the book “1,000 Places to See in the USA and Canada Before You Die.”
The Pony Express Museum
Located at 914 Penn Street, The Pony Express Museum, is a remarkable testament to the history of the Pony Express, a legendary fast mail service that connected the Missouri River to the Pacific coast.
Housed within a surviving portion of the Pike’s Peak Stables, this museum transports visitors back to the era of the Pony Express, which operated from April 3, 1860, to October 26, 1861.
The museum offers an educational experience like no other, with engaging exhibits, a 7-part diorama, maps, archeological artifacts, and an in-depth look at the history of this iconic mail service. It has captivated and enlightened visitors from around the world, making it one of the most historically rich museums in the country.
In 2010, the museum celebrated the 150th Sesquicentennial of the Pony Express, drawing over 10,000 people to commemorate this remarkable chapter in American history.
The museum has also contributed to the preservation of this history through the production of a live-action documentary titled “Days of the Pony Express.” This documentary, produced by Jim Conlon with Scout Films, provides an immersive look into the world of the Pony Express.
The Pony Express Stables, now home to the museum, is a historically significant building that marked the eastern terminus of the Pony Express. It was originally built in 1858 for caring for horses of the local freight and stagecoach company and later repurposed for the Pony Express. This building’s rich history has earned it a place on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Cathedral of St. Joseph
The Cathedral of St. Joseph, a cherished Catholic cathedral in St. Joseph, holds a rich history and architectural significance. As the seat of the Diocese of Kansas City-St. Joseph, it stands alongside the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Kansas City, sharing its role in the spiritual leadership of the region.
The cathedral complex, including the church, rectory, and convent, is part of the Cathedral Hill Historic District, an area steeped in historical importance and graced with exceptional architecture.
The church’s origins trace back to the early days of St. Joseph, with the first Mass held in 1838 in Joseph Robidoux’s log house. However, it wasn’t until 1847 that the first church, St. Joseph’s Church, was dedicated.
In 1868, Pope Pius IX established the Diocese of St. Joseph, with St. Joseph’s Church becoming its cathedral. The construction of the present cathedral began in 1869, and despite various challenges, including financial setbacks and the Panic of 1873, it was completed in 1883.
The dedication of Bishop Maurice F. Burke oversaw crucial renovations in 1900, adding iconic towers and a portico entrance.
Over the years, the Cathedral of St. Joseph has seen numerous enhancements and adaptations, including renovations following the Second Vatican Council, a testament to its enduring presence and adaptability.
The architecture of the cathedral, designed by Patrick F. Meagher in the Romanesque Revival style, features distinct elements, including a transept, corner towers with pyramidal roofs, and a beautiful narthex added in 1956. The complex also includes an ornate rectory and other structures that contribute to the overall charm of the district.
Robidoux Row in St. Joseph, is a significant historical site that reflects the early days of apartment living in the American West. Built in the late 1840s and early 1850s by St. Joseph founder Joseph Robidoux, it’s a 1½-story brick structure with a rich history.
Robidoux Row is believed to be one of the first apartment buildings west of the Mississippi River. It originally consisted of one-room apartments, accommodating families who had purchased lots from Joseph Robidoux. It later served as lodging for travelers heading west, essentially functioning as an early motel, with families using single rooms for various purposes.
The building’s interiors were simple, featuring iron stoves for heat and candles or fat-filled bowls with wicks for lighting. Cooking often took place outdoors over campfires during the summer. In 1857, Joseph Robidoux himself resided in one of the apartments during the last years of his life.
In 1974, the Saint Joseph Historical Society undertook the restoration of Robidoux Row, saving it from potential demolition during highway construction. The building was reconstructed to showcase how rooms would have been furnished in the 1840s and 1850s.
Part of the structure now serves as a museum, focusing on the history of fur trading, Robidoux’s legacy, and the early history of St. Joseph. The restoration project, including a garden, was officially opened to the public in 1981, providing a unique glimpse into life in the early West.
The Jesse James Home Museum
The Jesse James Home Museum, is a historically significant house that was the site of outlaw Jesse James’ residence and tragic demise on April 3, 1882, when he was gunned down by Robert Ford.
The museum showcases a one-story Greek Revival style frame dwelling, measuring 24 feet, 2 inches wide and 30 feet, 4 inches deep.
Originally situated at 1318 Lafayette Street in St. Joseph, the house underwent relocations to preserve its historical value.
In 1939, it was moved to a more bustling Belt Highway location, and in 1977, it was relocated to a site directly behind the Patee House at 12th and Mitchell in St. Joseph, just two blocks away from its original position, which helped restore its historic context.
The investigation into the shooting of Jesse James took place at the Patee House Hotel, formerly known as the World’s Hotel. Following James’ death, Mrs. James, her children, and Jesse’s mother sought shelter in Patee House for two nights.
Inside the Jesse James Home, visitors can observe a large bullet hole on the north interior wall. While this hole was initially smaller, souvenir hunters over the years removed fragments from it, enlarging the gap.
The museum houses a collection of items owned by Jesse James and his family. Additionally, it features exhibits related to the 1995 exhumation of Jesse James’ grave, including artifacts like coffin handles, wood fragments, and a pin worn by Jesse James in his death photo.
The Jesse James Home Museum was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980 and is a contributing resource to the Patee Town Historic District.
The Virginia Flats
The Virginia Flats, also known as Summit Place Flats, stand as historic gems in St. Joseph. Designed by the architectural firm Eckel & Mann, these apartment buildings have a rich history and architectural character.
The south building, constructed in 1901, boasts a two-story, rectangular Colonial Revival style with a charming hipped roof. It comprises four apartments and features a welcoming one-story front porch that spans its entire length, creating an inviting ambiance for residents.
The north building, built in 1888, showcases a larger, two-story rectangular brick structure in the Queen Anne style. With a total of 14 apartments, seven on each floor, it offers ample space and character.
The Queen Anne architecture includes ornate details and a striking presence that adds to the historic charm of the Cathedral Hill Historic District.
Both buildings were recognized for their historical significance when listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1992, a testament to their enduring appeal.
These flats contribute to the architectural and historical tapestry of St. Joseph, providing a glimpse into the city’s past and offering a unique residential experience in the present day.
The Central Police Station
The Central Police Station, also known as the National Military Heritage Museum, is located at 701 Messanie in St. Joseph.
Designed by Eckel & Mann in the Richardsonian Romanesque style, it dates back to 1891, with an addition in 1909. This three-story “L”-shaped structure features limestone ornamentation, unique details, and a round corner tower.
Architects E.J. Eckel and George Mann, with the creative input of Harvey Ellis, constructed this imposing building, initially budgeted at $11,700 but later reduced to $10,000. Construction commenced on September 7, 1890, with the building roofed and enclosed by winter.
The interior layout was detailed in the St. Joseph News-Press/Gazette on August 19, 1890, highlighting the use of top-quality materials, such as brick and woodwork. The ground floor included a 12-foot-wide driveway for patrol wagons, the police captain’s office, guard’s room, and roll call room.
The second floor accommodated various offices, including those of the chief of police, city attorney, and police commissioners, while the rear featured the police courtroom with a private office for the recorder. The third floor contained the expansive drill room.
The Central Police Station served as a bustling hub for various individuals involved with the law. In 1939, the police department moved to a new headquarters at 9th and Mary.
Afterward, the building adapted to different uses, including housing a U.S. Marine Corps howitzer unit, a bag factory, and a taxi company.
In 1989, the National Military Heritage Society acquired the building and converted it into a museum until 2016. Today, this historic landmark eagerly awaits its next chapter in St. Joseph’s rich history.
The Missouri Theater
The Missouri Theater, located in St. Joseph, Missouri, stands as a magnificent testament to architectural and cinematic history. Completed in July 1927, this atmospheric-style cinema seamlessly blends Art Deco and Moorish influences, offering a unique visual and entertainment experience.
Designed by the renowned Boller Brothers of Kansas City, Missouri, with striking sculptures by Waylande Gregory, the theater was brought to life by the Capital Building Company of Lincoln, Nebraska, under the vision of local attorney and promoter Joseph Goldman.
The theater’s design is a masterpiece, featuring a single balcony overlooking a courtyard-like space with intricate details borrowed from Assyrian and Persian architecture. While primarily a movie theater, it boasted versatility with dressing rooms, a fly loft, an orchestra pit, and even a Wurlitzer theater organ.
The Missouri Theater served as a cinema until 1970, after which it transitioned into a community theater. In 1976, a community group acquired the theater, and in 1978, the city of St. Joseph took ownership, repurposing it as a performing arts center.
Its historical significance was recognized when it was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979 within the St. Joseph’s Commerce and Banking Historic District.
A pivotal restoration in 2002 saw the removal of a 1960s canopy and the restoration of the marquee, preserving the theater’s timeless charm.
Its impact extended beyond Missouri, inspiring the construction of the Isauro Martinez theater in Torreón, Mexico, which remains in operation to this day.
The Robidoux School
The Robidoux School, nestled at 201 South 10th in St. Joseph, Missouri, is a remarkable piece of educational history with a legacy of transformation and adaptation. Originally the site of the first high school in St. Joseph in 1866, it underwent several changes over the years.
In 1895, the high school relocated to 13th and Patee, and the building was remodeled to serve as a grammar school, eventually named after the city’s founder, Joseph Robidoux.
The next significant transformation occurred in 1907, when architect Edmond Jacques Eckel and Walter Boschen designed a new Classical Revival-style building, which opened in 1909 at a cost of $130,000, including contents. This structure featured 12 classrooms and an auditorium with seating for 1,100.
The building’s evolution continued as it served various educational purposes. In 1914, it functioned as a freshman annex for Central High School, and in 1919, it became the Robidoux Polytechnic High School, specializing in vocational trade education.
In 1933, it became the home of St. Joseph Junior College, which had previously operated out of Central High School. Subsequently, in 1965, the Junior College transitioned into a four-year institution, Missouri Western State College.
This historic building, added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1981, played a vital role in the development of education in St. Joseph.
Christian Sachau Saloon
The Christian Sachau Saloon, also known as the American-Gertsch Glass, Inc., is a captivating historic commercial building located at 1613-1615 Frederick Avenue in St. Joseph.
Constructed in 1889, this two-story brick structure is a testament to the architectural craftsmanship of its time. The primary facade stands out with its remarkable cast-metal ornamentation and a central entranceway featuring a round arched-door opening.
Designated as a National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) site on October 25, 1985, as part of the Historic Resources of Frederick Avenue, this building has played host to a fascinating array of businesses over the years.
Christian Sachau ran a saloon in one part of the building and lived upstairs. Fannie Cliff, a German teacher, operated a feed store in the western section in the early 1900s. American-Gertsch Glass, Inc. had a longstanding presence here since World War I.
What truly distinguishes this building is its ornate decorative elements that continue to captivate the eye. Today, it is the office of Ken Smith Autobody LLC.
As a part of St. Joseph’s historic tapestry, the Christian Sachau Saloon building bears witness to the evolution of Frederick Avenue and the numerous businesses that have left their mark along this iconic thoroughfare.
St. Joseph Public Library
The St. Joseph Public Library, stands as a historical institution that has undergone various name changes, such as Free Public Library, Public Museum, Public Library, and Board of Education Building.
This library is a significant cultural and literary center, home to an extensive collection of over 9,000 books.
Designed by the renowned architect Edmond Jacques Eckel (1845–1934) and constructed between 1901 and 1902, the library showcases magnificent French Baroque architectural style.
Its two-story structure, built with brick and reinforced concrete, features elegant beige marble and limestone. The imposing red hipped roof is crowned by a striking skeletal glazed dome, and a welcoming pedimented projecting central bay and entrance loggia invite visitors into a realm of literary treasures.
Recognized for its historical and architectural importance, the St. Joseph Public Library earned a spot on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.
Initially referred to as the Central Library, it now forms an integral part of the St. Joseph Public Library system. The library’s interior boasts a masterpiece of stained glass, created by artist Paul Wolff in 1907, all beneath the iconic copper dome.
A meticulous restoration in 2004 lovingly returned the building to its original splendor, including the restoration of the terrazzo lobby floor, concealed under carpeting for over five decades.
The Livestock Exchange Building
The Livestock Exchange Building in St. Joseph, Missouri, is a historic commercial structure designed by architect Edmond Jacques Eckel (1845–1934) and constructed from 1898 to 1899.
This four-story building, crafted from red brick and stone, is adorned with Neoclassical style ornamentation. The property also includes two contributing multi-car garages and a loading platform.
Once the crown jewel of the extensive stockyards and packinghouses on St. Joseph’s south side, the Livestock Exchange Building is a testament to the city’s agricultural heritage.
Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004, the St. Joseph Livestock Exchange Building remains one of the last-standing structures from a once-vast 440-acre complex of stockyards and packing houses.
Edmond J. Eckel, a renowned regional architect, envisioned this monumental edifice, featuring a Classical Revival exterior with a grand arched and colonnaded entrance and a central domed tower that provided abundant natural light to its 105 rooms.
The building’s fate mirrors the decline of the surrounding industry, with deferred maintenance issues and tenant departures. Preserving the Livestock Exchange Building is crucial to safeguarding St. Joseph’s fading livestock legacy.
The Buchanan County Infirmary
The Buchanan County Infirmary, also recognized as Buchanan County Poor Farm and Green Acres, stands as a historic hospital building in St. Joseph.
Constructed in 1919, this two-story structure is a striking example of Classical Revival architecture. It features a “fireproof” concrete framework, sturdy brick walls, and a cross-hip roof adorned with vibrant red ceramic tiles.
The focal point is its central porch, framed by four imposing concrete Doric order columns that uphold a projecting, pedimented roof. This building, now known as Green Acres, is the last vestige of the Buchanan County Poor Farm.
Acknowledged for its historical significance, the Buchanan County Infirmary earned a well-deserved spot on the National Register of Historic Places in 2009.
Today, it graces 3500 North Village Drive, a reminder of the past when it was situated on a vast 200-acre estate. In its earlier years, the “F”-shaped layout accommodated both men and women in separate wings, offering care and refuge.
Lehr Construction Company, founded by James Wesley Wehr in 1890, had the honor of constructing this remarkable edifice. Intriguingly, this family-owned construction firm continues to operate, leaving a lasting legacy through various projects, including the St. Joseph City Hall, schools, and the Goetz Brewery.
The architects behind the design were Walter Boschen, Rudolph Meier, and Ray Arnhold, all esteemed figures in the architecture of St. Joseph.
The Museum Hill Historic District
Museum Hill Historic District, is a cherished national historic district that exudes timeless charm. This district envelops 248 contributing buildings within a predominantly residential expanse of St. Joseph, embodying a rich architectural tapestry that unfolded from 1860 to 1942.
Distinguished by a variety of architectural styles, this district boasts a captivating array of homes. Italianate, Second Empire, Queen Anne, Tudor Revival, American Foursquare, and Bungalow/American Craftsman styles coexist harmoniously in this neighborhood.
The Robidoux School, a distinguished structure in its own right, finds its place within the district.
Notable among the historic gems are the First Congregational Church (1890), Francis Street Methodist Church (1905), First Baptist Church (1896) designed by the revered architect Edmond Jacques Eckel, United Presbyterian Church (1901), First Church of Christ Scientist (1905), First English Evangelical Lutheran Church (1913), and Queen of the Apostles Roman Catholic Church (1908), also a creation of the masterful Eckel.
This district, a testament to the enduring architectural heritage of St. Joseph, secured its rightful spot on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991, with a boundary increase in 2009, ensuring the preservation of its timeless beauty for generations to come.
The Missouri Valley Trust Company Historic District
The Missouri Valley Trust Company Historic District, formerly known as the Market Square Historic District, stands as a national historic district in the heart of St. Joseph, Missouri.
This district encompasses six significant buildings within the central business district, with a history dating back to 1859 and the 1860s. These structures showcase the enduring appeal of Renaissance Revival style architecture, a testament to the city’s historical commercial heritage.
Notably, the district’s centerpiece is the Bank of the State of Missouri, an architectural jewel that has graced the city since 1859. This district is not only a reflection of the city’s economic past but also a window into the architectural trends of the era.
Recognized for its historical and architectural significance, the Missouri Valley Trust Company Historic District earned its rightful place on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975.
The Harris Addition Historic District
The Harris Addition Historic District is nestled in the heart of St. Joseph, Missouri. This district boasts an impressive collection of 288 contributing buildings and one contributing site, mainly situated in a residential area of the city. It thrived between 1866 and 1940, encapsulating the evolving architectural styles of its time.
Within this district, one can find a rich tapestry of architectural heritage, featuring splendid examples of Colonial Revival, Tudor Revival, and American Craftsman style buildings.
The district’s noteworthy buildings include the elegant William Payne House from 1889, the W.C. Green Apartment Building circa 1910, the charming C.B. Powers House from around 1888, and the Parry-Motter House, a creation by the celebrated architect Edmond Jacques Eckel.
This district was rightfully recognized for its historical and architectural significance and was formally listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003.
Today, it stands as a testament to the city’s evolving architectural landscape and the enduring spirit of its community.
The Hall Street Historic District
The Hall Street Historic District, is a distinguished national historic district with a collection of 43 contributing buildings.
Primarily a residential section of the city, this district flourished between 1870 and 1920, bearing witness to the evolution of architectural styles during this period.
This historic district is an architectural treasure trove, showcasing splendid examples of Italianate and Late Victorian style buildings.
Some of the most notable structures include the Karl Schatz House, a gem from around 1880, the charming Rolanda Court Apartments circa 1910, the classic Chase-McClain House dating back to the 1870s, and the enduring John Forest Martie House, also from the 1870s.
Other noteworthy buildings within the district encompass the Oak Ridge Apartments (1890), the James H. Robinson – William W. Wheeler House (1883), the Cummings Ogden House (1885), the Bill Osgood House (1890), and the Missouri Methodist Hospital – Huggins House (1908).
Recognized for its architectural and historical significance, the Hall Street Historic District received its well-deserved spot on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979, serving as a testament to the city’s rich architectural heritage.
The Central-North Commercial Historic District
The Central-North Commercial Historic District, is a designated national historic district renowned for its 18 contributing buildings.
This district predominantly thrives in an industrial and commercial section located west of the central business district. Its development spanned the years between 1885 and 1929, an era marked by significant architectural evolution.
The district showcases an array of building styles, with prime examples of Italianate and Classical Revival architecture.
Among its notable structures is the John D. Richardson Dry Goods Company, an entity recognized individually for its historical and architectural significance. Furthermore, several warehouse and light manufacturing facilities within the district stand out, with some designed by the prominent architectural firm of Eckel & Aldrich.
Designated as a national historic district in 1991, the Central-North Commercial Historic District underscores St. Joseph’s vibrant industrial and commercial past, offering a glimpse into the architectural diversity that characterized this dynamic period in the city’s history.
The South Fourth Street Commercial Historic District
The South Fourth Street Commercial Historic District, holds the prestigious title of a national historic district, celebrated for its 25 contributing buildings.
This district, predominantly situated in an industrial and commercial section west of the central business district, embodies the city’s rich history, reflecting an era of remarkable architectural evolution.
Development in this district spans the years between 1861 and 1929, a period marked by profound architectural change. The district boasts a wide array of architectural styles, featuring exemplary instances of Italianate, Classical Revival, and Renaissance Revival designs.
Several prominent commercial blocks and warehouse/light manufacturing facilities, some of which were masterminded by the renowned architect Edmond Jacques Eckel, adorn this historic district.
Officially listed as a national historic district in 1991, the South Fourth Street Commercial Historic District stands as a testament to the city’s industrial and commercial heritage, offering a window into the architectural diversity that defined this vibrant era in St. Joseph’s past.
The Kemper Addition Historic District
Nestled in the heart of St. Joseph, Missouri, the Kemper Addition Historic District stands as a national historic district of great significance. This charming district is characterized by its predominantly residential ambiance, boasting 74 contributing buildings and one contributing site.
The history of the Kemper Addition Historic District unfolds between 1880 and 1950, marking a period of architectural transformation.
This district showcases a diverse array of architectural styles, including the Colonial Revival, Tudor Revival, and American Craftsman, reflecting the changing tastes and preferences of the era.
Within this district, one can explore an array of noteworthy structures, each with its own unique charm.
These include the Jacob Spencer House, H.E. Hutchings House, Fred Binz House, Thomas Moseley Duplex, Plaza Apartments, Hickey-Fargrave House (with alterations by renowned architect Edmond Jacques Eckel), C.E. Sprague House (also by Eckel), David Bartlett House, and Samuel Nave House.
The Kemper Addition Historic District was officially listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002, serving as a testament to St. Joseph’s architectural diversity and rich history.
The Cathedral Hill Historic District
Nestled in the heart of St. Joseph, the Cathedral Hill Historic District stands as a national historic district of great significance.
This charming district is characterized by its predominantly residential ambiance, boasting 309 contributing buildings, one contributing site, and several contributing structures.
The history of the Cathedral Hill Historic District unfolds between 1860 and 1950, marking a period of architectural transformation. This district showcases a diverse array of architectural styles, including Greek Revival, Italianate, Queen Anne, Colonial Revival, and American Craftsman, reflecting the changing tastes and preferences of the era.
Within this district, one can explore an array of noteworthy structures, each with its own unique charm. These include the Nisen Stone House, Thomas Culligan House, A.D. Hudnutt House, St. Joseph Cathedral, James Wall House, Taylor Apartments, E.F. Weitheimer House, Sarah and Ann Walsh Apartment House, Henry Owen Stable, George T. Hoagland Speculative House, and James Hull House.
The Cathedral Hill Historic District was officially listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2000, serving as a testament to St. Joseph’s architectural diversity and rich history.